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If you can successfully send email and view any new messages in your Inbox, but aren't able to view additional subfolders, then it's likely that you have an incorrect IMAP Path Prefix setting on the device.
To correct this, take the following steps:
You'll now be able to view all folders in the account. If that doesn't help or it's already set up like that, you may need to remove and re-add the e-mail account on your device.